A few teachers had mentioned that their schools were requiring them to use scales with learning goals, but they were confused about how they go together, or what the scales are based on. The Poster examples show the exact scales used in the Assessments. These scales were inspired by the compilation of research by Robert Marzano in “The Art and Science of Teaching,” and several resources went into informing the progression of skills that align with each standard. Marzano states that “The starting place for all effective instruction is designing and communicating clear learning goals.”, but he doesn’t specify how large or small those learning goals should be. I recognized the look of confusion and struggle in the faces of other teachers because that’s how I felt when I was introduced to this somewhat ambiguous concept – what do you make learning goals about???? The answer is that any skill or concept knowledge can become a learning goal. I started out by writing sentences on the board relating to each day’s lesson. That’s how I started using learning goals. I’m sure it did help students focus on what they had to learn that day, but it didn’t help them see their overall growth, or help me to track it. I chose to focus my learning goal Assessments on the Common Core standards because that is what everybody must master – regardless of how many tiny pieces I chop it into – that is our ultimate GOAL! Keeping track of anything else, especially with multiple grade levels, was just too much to stay on top of.